Physical Rehabilitation Facts

Stroke (Cerebrovascular Accident)

When a blood vessel in the brain is blocked or bursts. Without blood and the oxygen it carries, part of the brain starts to die. The part of the body controlled by the damaged area of the brain can't work properly.

Two Types of Strokes

  1. Ischemic: Stroke develops when a blood clot blocks a blood vessel in the brain. The clot may form in the blood vessel or travel from somewhere else in the blood system. Ischemic strokes are the most common type of stroke in older adults.
  2. Hemorrhagic: Stroke develops when an artery in the brain leaks or bursts. This causes bleeding inside the brain or near the surface of the brain. Hemorrhagic strokes are the less common but more deadly than ischemic strokes.

Examples of conditions caused by a stroke may include:

  •  difficulty swallowing
  •  difficulty speaking
  •  paralysis on one side of the body

Spinal Cord Injury

A spinal cord injury is damage to the spinal cord. The spinal cord is soft bundle of nerves that extends from the base of the brain to the lower back. It runs through the spinal canal, a tunnel formed by the bones of the spine. The bony spine helps protect the spinal cord. The spinal cord carries messages between the brain and the rest of the body. These messages allow you to move and to feel touch, among other things. A spinal cord injury stops the flow of messages below the site of the injury. The closer the injury is to the brain, the more of the body is affected.

*Some examples of conditions cause by a Spinal Cord Injury

  • Paralysis
  •  Paraplegia
  •  Quadriplegia

Congenital Deformity

Congenital disorder involves defects in or damage to a developing fetus. It may be the result of genetic abnormalities.

*Examples of Congenital Deformities

  • Cerebral Palsy
  •  Spina Bifida
  •  Pituitary Dwarfism

Amputation

The removal of a body part.

*Rehabilitation is available for strengthing, balance, functional mobility, and prosthetic training.

Major Multiple Trauma

*These injuries include pelvic fractures, rib and sternum fractures, and bilateral arms and legs fractured.

Fracture of femur (hip fracture)

Fractures of the femur are commonly caused by falls and might result in surgery such as a Hip Replacement or Open Reduction Internal Fixation.

Brain Injury

Traumatic Brain Injury-(TBI) also called a head injury, brain injury, or an acquired brain injury. TBI is a sudden event damaging the brain. Both physical contact itself and the quick acceleration and deceleration of the head can cause the injury. Most common TBIs include falls, vehicle crashes, being hit with or crashing into an object, and assaults. The initial injury can cause brain tissue to swell.

TBIs can cause difficulty

  •  walking
  •  balancing
  •  speaking

Neurological Disorder

Parkinsons Disease- a slow and progressive neurologic condition characterized by involuntary trembling, muscular stiffness or inflexibility, slowness of movement and difficulty carrying out voluntary movements.

Muscular Dystrophy- a group of inherited diseases in which the muscles that control movement (called voluntary muscles) progressively weaken. In some forms of this disease, the heart and other organs are also affected.

Multiple Sclerosis-(MS) is a disease that affects the brain and spinal cord resulting in loss of muscle control, vision, balance, and sensation (such as numbness). With MS, the nerves of the brain and spinal cord are damaged by one's own immune system.

Other Neurological conditions can be treated though Inpatient Rehabilitation.

Burns

Rehabilitation professionals can assist with first, second, and third degree burns over any part of the body. Rehabilitation will focus on stretching, strengthening, use of special garments, and restoration of functional mobility that is affected by the formation of scar tissue.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)

Is a type of chronic autoimmune arthritis that typically occurs in joints on both sides of the body (such as hands, wrists, or knees.) RA affects everyone differently. For some, joint symptoms develop gradually over several years. In others, RA may progress rapidly. Symptoms of RA can last for a limited period of time and then enter a period of remission.

Osteoarthritis or Degenerative Joint Disease (DJD)

It is associated with a breakdown of cartilage in joints and can occur in almost any joint in the body. It most commonly occurs in the weight bearing joints of the shoulders, hips, knees, and spine.

Severe Osteoarthritis with joint inflammation can result in significant functional impairment of ambulation and other activities of daily living.


   

 

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